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The practice of microdosing psilocybin has swiftly garnered interest, not just from the psychedelic community, but also from mainstream media, accelerating at an impressive speed. Over the preceding years, an array of individuals have experimented with microdosing as a potential method to ease symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as enhance productivity and general wellness. In the process of microdosing, an individual consumes a quantity of a substance that is below the threshold of perception, thereby avoiding any hallucinogenic effects.


Psilocybin doses are customarily calculated in grams. The most frequently encountered variety of psilocybin mushrooms is the Psilocybe cubensis, which holds roughly 0.6% psilocybin when dehydrated. This indicates that each gram of P. cubensis encapsulates 6 mg of unadulterated psilocybin. To bypass the distinctly bitter flavor of these mushrooms, many users opt to pulverize the dried fungi before encapsulating them in size 00 capsules.

Here is a rough guide/estimate of psilocybin dosages (these vary slightly per individual):

Microdose = 0.05g – 0.25g
Mini dose = 0.25g – 0.75g
Museum Dose = 0.5g – 1.5g
Moderate Dose = 1.5g – 3.5g
Mega Dose = 3.5 – 5.0g

Heroic Dose= 5.0g +


The psychedelic community has cultivated a nuanced, five-tiered system to articulate the varying effects of psilocybin at differing doses. Level 1 denotes a light dose just above the perceptible threshold. It is characterized by a gentle, stone-like sensation, visually enhanced experiences, temporary memory anomalies, and an expanded perception of music, making it sound richer and more diverse.

Level 2 introduces more pronounced effects like heightened color perception, slight visuals with both closed and open eyes, scatter-brained thought processes, and a boost in creativity.

In level 3, one encounters visuals punctuated by distorted, kaleidoscopic patterns, mild hallucinations, three-dimensional closed-eye visuals, a touch of synesthesia, and an altered perception of time’s flow.

Upon reaching Level 4, effects intensify dramatically to include profound hallucinations, a fragmentation of the ego, a slight disconnection from reality, total distortion of time perception, synesthesia, and phenomena akin to extrasensory perception (ESP) like out-of-body experiences.

Lastly, Level 5 corresponds to a hefty dose that can induce effects like a complete disruption of normal sensory perception, total dissolution of the ego, and a thorough disconnection from reality. At this pinnacle, it’s often stated that the universe momentarily ceases to exist for the individual, rendering the experience beyond the scope of ordinary words.


When compared to other commonly used substances, the toxicity levels of pure psilocybin are relatively low. Studies performed on rats demonstrate a toxicity level even lower than that of caffeine. Overdose incidents attributed solely to psilocybin are also extremely rare. As per data available until 2011, only two cases of overdoses were linked exclusively to psilocybin mushrooms.

A metric, known as the Therapeutic Index (TI), was devised by the Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances to gauge the relative safety of a substance vis-a-vis the dose required for therapeutic effects. A higher TI value suggests a safer profile for the substance. Psilocybin boasts a therapeutic index of 641, which stands tall when compared to commonly used substances such as aspirin or nicotine, which hold values of 199 and 21 respectively.


Microdosing involves the consumption of a sub-perceptual, or extremely low, dose of a psychoactive compound. Supporters of microdosing advocate that ingesting a small quantity of a psychedelic substance can yield positive effects, while still enabling the user to function normally throughout their day. The typical dose often hovers around one-tenth of a conventional dose.


The historical backdrop of microdosing, particularly in terms of scientific research, is rather limited. It’s acknowledged that Albert Hofmann, the discoverer of LSD, practiced microdosing during the 1990s, late in his life. Prior to the 1966 ban on psychedelic research, no formal studies on microdosing were conducted. Currently, strides are being made to initiate a process that will allow formal study of microdosing. However, while some scientists gather user reports to support their case, others are conducting preliminary clinical trials to ascertain the safety of studying microdosing.


Individuals microdose for a diverse range of reasons. While some use it as a strategy to manage symptoms of mental disorders such as anxiety and depression, others use it to enhance their productivity and boost their creative problem-solving skills.


A microdose is a sub-perceptual dose, i.e., it doesn’t produce any acute effects. When an individual microdoses, they don’t feel any overt effects or a sense of being “high.” Most microdosers use psilocybin to alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety and to boost both convergent and divergent thinking. Preliminary results from a 2018 study seem to support these claims. Microdoses are typically one-tenth of a regular dose. Dr. Fadiman, an advocate for microdosing and psychedelic research, recommends a dosage of 0.2g of dried mushrooms every three or four days.


The psychedelic community strongly advocates for further investigation into the potential therapeutic benefits of microdosing psilocybin. There exists a plethora of anecdotal accounts from individuals who have regularly microdosed with psilocybin.


As of November 2019, few rigorous scientific studies have been conducted on the effects of microdosing psilocybin, largely due to regulations around psychedelic substances. Nevertheless, scientists have gathered anecdotal evidence to bolster their case for further exploring the potential benefits and risks of microdosing. One study that interviewed 21 regular microdosers of psilocybin mushrooms reported “mostly positive consequences,” including improved mood, cognition, and creativity.

Dr. James Fadiman, a scientist accumulating anecdotal data, emphasizes the need for microdosing to be more thoroughly researched under rigorous scientific standards. 


The practice of microdosing has attracted considerable attention and popularity recently, leading to increased scrutiny of its potential negative effects. A significant portion of these critiques stem from a study involving rats microdosed with DMT, another psychedelic substance. This research revealed that DMT microdosing resulted in metabolic changes in male rats, leading to weight gain, and neuronal atrophy in female rats. Aside from this, microdosing with psilocybin, a component found in certain mushrooms, is often criticized for its propensity to cause gastrointestinal discomfort, a frequent side effect associated with the consumption of these mushrooms.


One crucial aspect of microdosing involves maintaining a consistent dosage. The term ‘dosage’ refers to not only the quantity of the substance consumed but also the frequency and duration of its intake. Given that a microdose is a minuscule quantity, it can be quite easy to inadvertently consume a larger dose than intended. The task becomes even more complex with psilocybin mushrooms due to the variable strengths of different species and individual mushrooms. For instance, a study analyzing psilocybin mushrooms in Japan discovered that the cap and stem of P. cubensis had varying potencies – a maximum of 1.35% in the cap and 1.27% in the stem, and the whole mushrooms had potencies ranging between 0.37% and 1.30%.

Additionally, the frequency of microdosing can also impact its effects, as suggested by Dr. James Faidman and numerous user reports. Dr. Faidman recommends microdosing every third day, but individuals have experimented with varying schedules as well.


In the psychedelic community, microdosing psilocybin typically involves consuming a minute dose of psilocybin mushrooms every third or fourth day. Standard doses range from 0.10 grams to 0.25 grams of dried P. cubensis mushrooms. Most users prefer to grind the mushrooms into a powder, measure out doses, and then store these doses in size 00 capsules for future use.

Paul Stamets, a prominent mycologist, developed a unique microdosing technique referred to as “stacking.” This method involves a combination of niacin, Lions Mane, and P. cubensis. The stacking regimen includes roughly 0.1-1 gram of P. cubensis, 5-20 grams of Lions Mane, and 101-200 milligrams of niacin. Stamets suggests that the niacin amplifies the effects of the psilocybin while tempering the psychedelic experience.

Here are other protocols!


Psilocybin is a serotonergic substance, which means it influences the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) receptors in the central and peripheral nervous systems. The primary receptors it influences are the 5-HT2B and 5-HT2C receptors. It also activates the 5-HT2A receptors, albeit with slightly less activity. The activity at these receptors results in an increased concentration of dopamine in the basal ganglia, causing the euphoric and psychedelic effects of psilocybin.


Small doses of psilocybin, referred to as “microdoses,” do not produce any acute effects. Instead, psychological and social benefits are associated with regular consumption of microdoses. These benefits include:

– Alleviated symptoms of depression and anxiety

– Enhanced productivity

– Improved overall well-being

– Enhancements in convergent and divergent thinking


In large doses, psilocybin produces significant psychedelic effects, such as:

– Closed and open-eye visuals

– Dilated pupils

– Decreased appetite

– Euphoria

– Intensified emotions

– An altered perception of reality


Like most other psychedelics, psilocybin induces vasoconstriction. Therefore, combining it with other vasoconstrictors can result in unpleasant and potentially harmful effects. Mixing psilocybin with any MAOIs (monoamine oxidase inhibitors) can enhance its potency,

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The information provided by Mondo Grow Kits on this page is for general informational and educational purposes only and does not advocate the use of any illicit products, nor does it constitute providing medical advice or professional services. Always consult your doctor before making any decisions about healthcare.

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As the rising levels of anxiety and depression drive more consumers to seek mood-enhancing supplements, a growing fascination with psilocybin, the psychedelic compound found in “magic” mushrooms, is emerging for its potential mental health benefits.

This trend is fueling an uptick in research activities at universities across the globe, including renowned institutions like Johns Hopkins Medicine, which recently received its first federal grant worth almost $4 million in 50 years specifically for studying psychedelic treatments.

Simultaneously, businesses are exploring ways to responsibly integrate mushrooms into their product lines in a way that complies with current legal restrictions, while anticipating future regulatory changes that could align more closely with shifting consumer needs.

In response to these shifts, the American Herbal Products Association (AHPA) has formed a dedicated Psychedelic Plants and Fungi Committee. The committee’s primary goal is to address concerns related to the safe usage and ethical trade of legally sold products derived from psychedelic plants and fungi.


Psilocybin and other psychedelic substances are not yet legal for use in dietary supplements anywhere in the US. However a select few companies are attempting to take the pharmaceutical path with Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Schedule 1 licences, but this won’t result in products available for over-the-counter purchase.

Currently, businesses are capitalizing on functional mushrooms as a stepping stone to showcase the broader benefits of mushrooms. Historical usage of psychedelics by diverse cultures for addressing trauma and mental illness suggests that the potential of these substances has been recognized for a long while.

Early research into the potential advantages of psilocybin for treating PTSD has indicated promising results. Given the limited effectiveness of traditional treatments, exploring this avenue to potentially free more individuals from enduring mental and emotional distress is a moral responsibility.

Moreover, with the rise of legal psychedelics being professionally employed to tackle major mental health problems – and research demonstrating considerable benefits in such settings – it’s imperative that the development of this category be undertaken with prudence and experience.


People are coming to realize that the dangers they’ve been led to believe about cannabis are not only incorrect, but in many cases, completely contrary to the truth.

This is very similar to the case of psychedelics, therefore it is important to outline a careful approach for the responsible growth of this sector, as previously done so for cannabis. This approach involves fostering market expansion, advocating for optimal practices, and acting as an educated voice of reason.

Nevertheless, the hurdles faced in establishing this product category are substantial. These include understanding and addressing the legal and regulatory status, defining and establishing quality standards, ensuring access, mitigating risks, and formulating and executing technical specifications – just to name a few.”


In the US, the grassroots “decriminalize psilocybin mushroom initiative” launched on May 7, 2019, might have been the catalyst for the shift in perception. This movement resulted in over 100 US cities launching campaigns aimed at decriminalizing psilocybin and expanding access to its potential benefits.

Since 2019, 14 cities along with the state of Oregon have decriminalized or legalized their usage. Research from respected institutions like Johns Hopkins has educated the public, but it’s the legislative initiative that has reignited interest.

Severe drug laws halted the promising research that was underway in the 1950s and 60s and these laws continue to obstruct progress that could contribute to our health and well-being. Despite significant advancements and medical breakthroughs, the DEA still classifies psilocybin as a Schedule 1 narcotic.


Present-day research into the therapeutic use of psychedelics is conducted under controlled environments, making it unlikely to see such products displayed alongside vitamin C on store shelves any time soon. However, beyond the regulatory hurdles, there are concerns that fraudulent operators could exploit the situation and confuse the market with dubious or even harmful products.

In light of the current legislation, companies are viewing mushrooms as a means to enhance immunity and focus, with the hope that within a decade, consumers will prioritize natural mushroom extract supplements over traditional over-the-counter medications.

It’s a bright future for Psilocybin!

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The information provided by Mondo Grow Kits on this page is for general informational and educational purposes only and does not advocate the use of any illicit products, nor does it constitute providing medical advice or professional services. Always consult your doctor before making any decisions about healthcare.

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Colloquially known as Black Gold or the Forest’s Diamond, the chaga fungus’s various monikers conjure up images of radiant gems and threads of precious metals adorning trees. However, in reality, chaga is a parasitic growth on the trunk of the boreal birch, resembling a large, black chunk of bark more than a typical mushroom.

Despite its unassuming appearance, this is indeed a fungus – and one that carries a formidable reputation, or at least an increasingly fashionable one. Chaga has a longstanding history of use in Russia and parts of Asia, where it’s been leveraged for millennia as a treatment for numerous health conditions. However, its adoption in Western societies is a comparatively recent phenomenon. This newfound popularity is particularly evident in Alaska, a region with a rich culture of foraging for both food and medicinal purposes. Given the prevailing sentiment, Alaskan chaga may be the forest’s most potent natural remedy, if the escalating buzz around it holds any merit.

An individual known as Callen Troy Christensen, CEO of Fairbanks’ Chaga Co-operative, is one of the locals who knows everything there is to know about mushrooms. At a local farmer’s market in Fairbanks, Alaska, Christensen can be seen offering small cups of chaga tea, reminiscent of lightly brewed coffee, to interested passers-by. His stand is filled with wooden bowls overflowing with an array of mushrooms and fungi, featuring various shades of grey and brown, with textures that range from delicate and dense to rippled and smooth. On one end of the display, an intriguing pile of lumpy black and orange nuggets labeled “Chaga” catches the eye of many visitors.

This unique fungus, which is native only to boreal birch forests in the northern hemisphere, holds a prominent place in Alaska’s dense forests. For those daring enough to venture into these woodlands, Chaga can be discovered growing as woody conchs on living birch trees. Essentially a mass of mycelium fungus (the fungus’s root structure, whereas mushrooms are the reproductive, fruiting body), it takes chaga around 20 years to mature into a grapefruit-sized chunk that’s large enough to harvest.


The majority of commercially accessible chaga is typically pulverized into a fine powder and packaged into K, infused into tea bags, or blended into energy-boosting supplements. However, in the local markets and boutiques of Alaska, where indigenous foragers and healers promote the marvels of Chaga, newcomers can engage in a more tactile process of preparation. This involves prolonged steeping in water that’s heated below boiling point, resulting in a nutrient-packed tea with an aroma reminiscent of earth and vanilla. Chaga can also be procured in the form of an alcohol-based tincture, to be utilized as a tonic, supplement, or herbal remedy.

Chaga has been a part of human history for hundreds of years. It’s believed that inhabitants from Russia and Siberia may have been the first to exploit chaga for its therapeutic properties. Reportedly, Tsar Vladimir Monomakh used it in the 12th Century to treat his lip cancer. References to chaga as a remedy for conditions such as cancer, ulcers, and tuberculosis appeared in medical documents as far back as the 16th Century. Additionally, during the Second World War in Finland, a sweet chaga-based beverage gained popularity as an alternative to coffee, used to enhance energy and focus during a scarcity of coffee and sugar.

The indigenous communities of Alaska have a storied tradition of foraging and harnessing the healing power of nature. While many specifics have been clouded by colonization, oral narratives and stories about chaga’s use have been perpetuated over generations and preserved by tribal elders. As Jon Ross, a Culture Bearer for the Salamatof Tribe of the Dena’ina Athabascan people, stated, “Having lived outdoors for millennia, every element of nature was crucial for survival. Nature was our apothecary. It was ingrained in our daily life.”

The residents of Alaska maintain a strong tradition of foraging. Depending on the season, they can be seen strolling along trails, venturing into the woods, or exploring the state’s hillsides, carrying a bucket or basket in search of blueberries, fireweed, or fungi. “Alaska has a long history of being a society of hunters, gatherers, and foragers; it’s kind of our trademark,” remarks Kate Mohatt, an ecologist for Chugach National Forest and the initiator of the Turnagain Arm Mycological Society.

Yet, it has only been within the past decade that Chaga has broken through to mainstream recognition in broader Western societies, earning the title of a medicinal “superfood”.

Supporters, foragers, and advocates of alternative medicine proclaim this fungus as a potential universal remedy for a range of ailments, from cancer to the common cold. However, to date, scientific evidence supporting these assertions is limited. While animal and in-vitro studies have produced promising results in the fields of cancer, inflammation, and immunity, human studies remain sparse, reducing Chaga’s status to that of unverified folk medicine.

The universal healing properties attributed to this fungus may remain a matter of debate, but its rich nutritional value is less contentious. It boasts a wealth of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients, including high quantities of antioxidants, plant sterols, and amino acids. According to Kayla Hegna, co-proprietor of Artic Chaga,”It’s packed with vitamins and minerals that are necessary for our daily health upkeep,”. 

The Chaga, essentially a parasitic organism residing on the birch tree, consumes these nutrients, concentrates them, and renders them more bio-available for human absorption – a remarkable gift from nature.

Chaga relies on frigid conditions for its growth, with more extreme temperatures yielding better results. Interestingly, the more drastic the seasonal temperature fluctuations and the greater the stress experienced by the birch tree, the richer the nutrients in the chaga. This makes Alaska, known for its temperature extremes exceeding 32C (90F) in summer and dropping below -45C (-50F) in winter, an optimal natural habitat. As a result, this region may boast some of the world’s most potent chaga, making it an ideal location to acquire this local fungus. According to a test commissioned by Arctic Chaga, the local chaga exhibited an antioxidant count nearly 40% higher than a Siberian variety.

Moreover, Alaska may also lead in the most sustainable harvesting practices for this medicinal fungus. According to Christensen, “a large part of the market is currently supplied by Russian logging firms, where chaga is essentially a by-product of clearing the boreal forest,”. Meanwhile, other prominent brands tend to procure their supplies from countries like China in bulk.

In contrast, in Alaska, the Chaga is hand-foraged by small, frequently family- or community-owned entities, who are cautious to avoid over-harvesting. With little research available on chaga’s reproductive cycle, many foragers are conscious that excessive harvesting could be harmful to the fungus. This is why organizations such as the Chaga Co-operative are investing in long-term research, while local vendors process it on a small scale to maintain quality.

Furthermore, many Alaskan sellers offer educational foraging tours and workshops. At farmers markets and local stores, they distribute samples and respond to queries, providing visitors the opportunity to savor, touch, and see that the wonders of Alaska’s natural landscape are truly worth discovering.


In the radiant tapestry of natural remedies, Chaga mushrooms, Alaska’s ‘Black Gold’, is emerging as a star player, capturing the curiosity of the Western world. Celebrated for its potent nutritional profile, Chaga’s deep roots in traditional medicine are now entwined with modern wellness trends, sparking a renewed appreciation for nature’s pharmacy.

The future of Chaga and other functional mushrooms as a supplement or medicine is looking bright!!!

Check out our blog page where we regularly post interesting articles related to everything surrounding Mushrooms.

The information provided by Mondo Grow Kits on this page is for general informational and educational purposes only and does not advocate the use of any illicit products, nor does it constitute providing medical advice or professional services. Always consult your doctor before making any decisions about healthcare.

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The Lion’s Mane mushroom, arguably one of the most captivating functional fungi, is not only visually striking but also rich in nutritional qualities and packed with therapeutic potential.


Scientifically referred to as Hericium erinaceus, this medicinal mushroom is part of the tooth fungus family, a group identified by its distinctive tooth-like or spine-like fruiting structures.

Typically found growing on hardwood trees, particularly the American beech, Lion’s Mane thrives in the temperate forests of the Northern Hemisphere. The mushroom’s name stems from its resemblance to a lion’s mane, with its fluffy, white fruiting body mimicking the feline’s majestic appearance.


Long before its introduction to the Western world, Lion’s Mane had a significant role in Asian culture and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). As per TCM beliefs, this potent fungus can benefit all five major organs— liver, spleen, lungs, heart, and kidneys, and is also reputed to invigorate Qi, also known as the “vital energy”.

Buddhist monks reportedly consumed tea made from Lion’s Mane mushroom powder to bolster cognitive functions and intensify focus during meditative practices. This practice aligns with the mushroom’s recognized neuro-enhancing properties, which we’ll discuss soon.

Initially only foraged from the wild, Lion’s Mane mushroom started to be cultivated by the Chinese in 1988. Currently, it’s extensively grown indoors using substrates such as hardwood sawdust, given the increasing demand for this therapeutic mushroom.


Lion’s Mane presents a range of potent, scientifically validated healing benefits that are positively impacting individuals worldwide:

  • Improves cognitive abilities: Frequently dubbed as “the smart mushroom,” Lion’s Mane is renowned for boosting brain performance, especially memory, focus, and clarity. This enhancement is attributed to the mushroom’s potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory attributes, which bolster blood flow to the brain. Studies further indicate that Lion’s Mane might help safeguard against memory complications caused by the accumulation of amyloid-beta, the substance that forms brain plaques linked with Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Promotes nerve health and repair: Notably, Lion’s Mane aids in generating a compound called nerve growth factor (NGF). NGF is a protein that triggers the formation of new nerve cells and fortifies existing ones. Lion’s Mane is believed to expedite the growth and repair of impaired nerves. These findings are especially encouraging for neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and stroke, where Lion’s Mane could potentially decelerate or revert cell degeneration in the brain.
  • Aids in relieving anxiety and depression: Animal studies have demonstrated that Lion’s Mane can mitigate symptoms of anxiety and depression.
  • Potential protection against cancer: Initial research hints that Lion’s Mane might provide protection against cancer.
  • Strengthens the immune system: Studies have revealed that Lion’s Mane can activate the intestinal immune system, which serves as the body’s guard against pathogens entering via the mouth and nose.


The Lion’s Mane mushroom is a visually striking and nutritionally rich fungus with therapeutic potential. Studies suggest that Lion’s Mane improves cognitive abilities, promotes nerve health and repair, and may relieve anxiety and depression. Furthermore, it also shows potential in protecting against cancer and strengthening the immune system.

This mushroom is cultivated indoors due to increasing demand and with its unique properties, Lion’s Mane is a valuable natural resource that offers scientifically validated healing benefits. Discover the available options for Lion’s Mane supplements online!

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The information provided by Mondo Grow Kits on this page is for general informational and educational purposes only and does not advocate the use of any illicit products, nor does it constitute providing medical advice or professional services. Always consult your doctor before making any decisions about healthcare.

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What causes magic mushrooms to develop a blue hue when sliced or bruised?

Well, this long-standing puzzle has recently been deciphered by chemists, leading to the surprising discovery that the deep blue pigments involved are akin to indigo, the colorant used in making blue jeans.

Magic mushrooms, also known as Psilocybe, are a type of fungus that generates the psychoactive compounds psilocybin and psilocin. Among various species, they’re known for their immediate shift to a blue tone upon being cut or injured. In Boletales mushrooms, this color transition is due to the oxidation of gyrocyanin or pulvinic acid. However, this explanation doesn’t hold for Psilocybe mushrooms.

Prior studies suggested the bluish transformation was triggered by the oxidation of psilocybin. Yet, the true identity of the pigment and the biochemical processes that led to its formation remained uncertain.

Over the years, Dirk Hoffmeister and his team at the Leibniz Institute for Natural Product Research and Infection Biology in Germany have been conducting research on Psilocybe cubensis. They had observed the intriguing shift to blue multiple times in their lab-grown mushrooms. As Hoffmeister explains, their drive stemmed from pure curiosity to decipher a phenomenon that has been recognized for many years.

Despite numerous attempts, the team was unsuccessful in their efforts to isolate and purify this elusive blue compound. This challenge, rather than dissuading them, served as a compelling incentive. They wanted to go one step further than all other previous researchers had managed to go and decided to do so using unconventional analytical methods. 

The research team explored a range of advanced analytical methods, such as liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, Maldi mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy, and time-resolved nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to monitor the formation of the compounds. 

The pigment wasn’t a singular substance but rather a complex amalgamation of interlinked psilocybin oxidation products. Among them, most were quinoid psilocyl oligomers – substances bearing a striking resemblance to indigo, the vivid blue dye utilized in jeans. According to Claudius Lenz, the study’s lead author, both the blue compounds and indigo share structural similarities in their indole core, and the color origin in both cases is a quinoid.

The team isolated six mushroom pigments, all of which are outcomes of a cascade reaction initiated with psilocybin. This reaction involves the phosphatase enzyme stripping off its phosphate group to transform into psilocin. Following this, an oxidizing laccase forms psilocyl radicals that bind to create C-5 coupled subunits, which further polymerize via C-7. “Their elucidation of the cascade reaction is quite remarkable,” comments Jaclyn Winter, a researcher specializing in the biosynthesis of natural products in bacteria and fungi at the University of Utah, US.

The precise function of these blue pigments, however, is still unclear. “We theorize, without any supportive evidence yet, that these pigments could potentially play a defensive role, possibly acting as a deterrent against predators,” suggests Hoffmeister. These compounds may generate reactive oxygen species, toxic to insects nibbling on the mushrooms. Winter predicts considerable forthcoming research dedicated to unraveling the actual ecological role of these molecules.

Hoffmeister’s aspiration extends beyond inspiring further fungal studies from a chemical standpoint. He also hopes to alter the prevailing perceptions about psilocybin. He articulates, “Psilocybin is often associated with illicit recreational use, yet it holds promising potential as a treatment for therapy-resistant depression.”

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Surfing is a sport that takes individuals to the frontiers of nature, where they harness the power of shifting waves. For pro surfer Koa Smith, these frontiers became a means of transcendence and healing when he turned to psychedelic mushrooms to overcome depression and trauma caused by a severe head injury.

Koa Smith, a renowned surfer from Kaui, has ridden some of the most awe-inspiring waves across the globe, from the North Shore of Oahu to Namibia and beyond. However, it was during a surfing trip in Indonesia in 2018 that he encountered a life-altering experience.

While attempting to ride a powerful wave in Nias, Smith lost control and suffered a catastrophic head wound. In that moment, he experienced a surreal detachment from his body, as if he were leaving it behind. Surprisingly, instead of fear, he felt a sense of comfort, love, and euphoria. This profound experience marked the beginning of his healing journey.

After enduring a severe concussion, Smith struggled with depression and a deep sense of numbness. Traditional medical treatments and therapy failed to provide the relief he sought. Determined to find a solution, he turned to the healing potential of psilocybin mushrooms


In a serene jungle setting on Kauai, Smith embarked on a transformative journey with the psychedelic mushrooms. Guided by his brothers, he practiced breathing techniques and immersed himself in nature. During this experience, he heard a voice that reminded him of his true self, his purpose, and the healing path he needed to follow.

This encounter led to a profound reconnection with himself and his body, breaking the cycle of depression and numbness. Two weeks later, Smith returned to the water, rediscovering his passion for surfing and embracing a newfound sense of purpose and self-love.

Smith’s story resonates with the growing body of research on psychedelic therapy. Scientists are exploring the potential of psychedelic substances, such as psilocybin, to treat mental health issues, PTSD, and substance abuse disorders. These substances have the ability to reduce the activity of the brain’s default mode network, which is associated with identity formation and self-perception. By quieting this network, individuals can experience a shift in perspective, opening the door to new possibilities and healing pathways.

The integration of psychedelic experiences with traditional therapy can lead to profound changes in mental health and well-being. The resetting of historical patterns in the brain allows individuals to hold conflicting truths, fostering personal growth and healing. Moreover, psychedelics facilitate a deep reconnection with the body, making them particularly relevant for athletes like Smith, who rely on a strong mind-body connection.

Despite the promising research and growing acceptance of psychedelics, there remains significant stigma surrounding their use. Decades of cultural and legal barriers have hindered scientific exploration and understanding. Overcoming this stigma is crucial for integrating psychedelics into modern medicine and providing safe and effective treatments.

Smith and researchers alike emphasize the importance of treating psychedelics with respect and caution. They are powerful tools that require guidance, preparation, and integration to ensure a positive and transformative experience. While psychedelics hold immense potential, they are not a panacea, and individuals should approach them with care and informed guidance.

Key Takeaways

Koa Smith’s journey serves as an inspiration for those grappling with mental health challenges. By sharing his story, he aims to destigmatize the use of psychedelics and encourage others to seek alternative paths to healing. As the field of psychedelic research continues to flourish, it holds promise for a future where individuals can find solace and transformation through natural remedies like psychedelic mushrooms.

Check out our blog page where we regularly post interesting articles related to everything surrounding Mushrooms.

The information provided by Mondo Grow Kits on this page is for general informational and educational purposes only and does not advocate the use of any illicit products, nor does it constitute providing medical advice or professional services. Always consult your doctor before making any decisions about healthcare.

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In a progressive stride that echoes a broader global shift, Colorado has emerged as the second state to decriminalize magic mushrooms and other psychedelics for adults, following the recent midterm elections. This historical move heralds an exciting, yet cautiously optimistic era in the embrace of natural therapeutic alternatives.

Proposition 122, affirmed by a significant majority of voters with 92 percent of the vote counted, paves the way for the decriminalization of psilocybin and psilocin – the active constituents of psychedelic mushrooms – as well as DMT and mescaline. These substances, traditionally associated with tribal ceremonies and spiritual rituals, are now stepping into the limelight as potential therapeutic aids.

The Natural Medicine Health Act further stipulates that adults aged 21 and above in Colorado will have the privilege to experience the potential healing properties of shrooms, albeit under strict supervision at licensed psilocybin healing centers. However, retail stores will not carry shrooms for sale, maintaining a controlled environment for their use. The state may also explore the supervised administration of other decriminalized psychedelics.

Advocates Kevin Matthews and Veronica Lightening Horse Perez expressed their elation to the Denver Post, emphasizing the potential benefits of regulated access to natural medicines. “Coloradans with PTSD, terminal illness, depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues now have an additional pathway to healing,” they commented.

The precedent for this move was set by Oregon in 2020, which was the first state to decriminalize personal possession of all drugs and legalize shrooms for therapeutic use in licensed facilities. Oregon’s approach requires individuals to attend multiple appointments and take shrooms under supervision. However, not all communities in Oregon embraced these centers, with several opting out of hosting them.

Colorado’s decision reflects a burgeoning psychedelic renaissance sweeping across various American cities. Oakland, San Francisco, Denver, Ann Arbor, and Seattle have also effectively decriminalized shrooms and other psychoactive plants. Concurrently, unconventional therapies such as ketamine-assisted treatment and psychedelic retreats, along with churches offering shrooms, have gained mainstream traction.

The midterm elections also brought a green wave in Maryland and Missouri, which legalized recreational weed. Despite some states resisting this trend, the number of states with legalized adult-use weed now stands at 21.

In conclusion, Colorado’s decision is a testament to the evolving attitudes towards psychoactive substances and their potential role in promoting mental health and well-being. However, it’s crucial to remember the importance of regulated, supervised use of these substances, as we continue to explore this brave new world of natural, therapeutic alternatives.

Check out our blog page where we regularly post interesting articles related to everything surrounding Mushrooms.

The information provided by Mondo Grow Kits on this page is for general informational and educational purposes only and does not advocate the use of any illicit products, nor does it constitute providing medical advice or professional services. Always consult your doctor before making any decisions about healthcare.

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The world of traditional medicine has been harnessing the potent properties of functional mushrooms for numerous generations, and contemporary studies continue to highlight their abundant wellness and health benefits.

Among the many applications of these mushrooms, they are being increasingly recognized for their ability to enhance athletic performance. This spotlight falls particularly on two such mushrooms, Cordyceps and Lion’s Mane, renowned for their boosting effects on exercise output.


Cordyceps is a rare parasitic fungus with an unusual lifecycle, growing on caterpillar larvae. Traditional Chinese healers have been utilizing this fungus for centuries, noted for its capability to enhance stamina, vitality, and endurance. Luckily, supplements that are available on the market are made from synthetic Cordyceps cultivated on hardwood making it more affordable and easier to come by. 

Contemporary research supports the folklore, attributing impressive athletic benefits to Cordyceps. The magic lies in its ability to ramp up the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in our bodies. ATP acts as the powerhouse for cellular functions, providing much-needed energy. As a result, the body becomes more adept at utilizing oxygen, thereby boosting endurance during physical exertion.

Prominent functional mushroom expert, Paul Stamets, endorses the athletic benefits of Cordyceps, remarking, “Cordyceps militaris noticeably amplifies ATP output and oxygen consumption.”

A fascinating study involving mice demonstrated that those administered with Cordyceps extract showed a marked improvement in swimming duration compared to their counterparts. This finding hints that Cordyceps could potentially enhance stamina and lessen fatigue in athletes.


The visually intriguing Lion’s Mane mushroom, identifiable by its white, shaggy exterior, is believed to possess significant cognitive-boosting properties. It is rich in compounds called hericenones and erinacines, which are thought to stimulate the synthesis of nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), proteins crucial for nerve cell health and survival.

The cognition-boosting traits of Lion’s Mane can benefit athletes, as superior focus and mental acuity can drive optimum performance during training and competition alike. Research involving older adults demonstrated that those who consumed Lion’s Mane extract for 16 weeks displayed significant cognitive function improvements in comparison to the placebo group.


Integrating Cordyceps and Lion’s Mane into your exercise routine presents a natural and effective approach to enhancing athletic output. Here are some suggestions to guide you through this procedure:

  • Opt for a superior supplement: Always select a top-quality mushroom supplement, ideally one that utilizes the mushroom’s fruiting body, known for its highest beneficial compound concentration.
  • Adhere to the suggested dosage: Follow the product label’s suggested dosage or seek guidance from a healthcare professional to ascertain the suitable quantity for your requirements.
  • Complement with a wholesome diet and lifestyle: Functional mushrooms provide the best results when complemented by regular exercise and a nutritious diet. Ensure your diet is rich in nutrients, stay well-hydrated, and prioritize sleep to maximize the benefits of Cordyceps and Lion’s Mane.
  • Track your progress: Monitor your performance and any variations in your energy, endurance, and cognitive function. This helps in assessing the effectiveness of the mushrooms and making any necessary modifications.


Cordyceps and Lion’s Mane are functional mushrooms that present remarkable benefits for athletes and fitness enthusiasts alike. By amplifying energy and endurance, fostering cognitive function, and assisting in recovery, these mushrooms can elevate your workout routine.

These fungi are just a small part of the broader functional mushroom world, each variety offering unique health benefits. Expanding your knowledge and use of these can add a fascinating and beneficial element to your wellness journey.

Did you enjoy this article? Check out our blog page where we regularly post interesting articles related to everything surrounding Mushrooms.

The information provided by Mondo Grow Kits on this page is for general informational and educational purposes only and does not advocate the use of any illicit products, nor does it constitute providing medical advice or professional services. Always consult your doctor before making any decisions about healthcare.

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Microdosing refers to the practice of taking small, sub-perceptual amounts (typically 1/10th to 1/20th of a “full” dose) of a psychedelic substance. In other words, taking tiny doses. It is not the same as taking high doses of psychedelic drugs.

In recent years, fueled by growing psychedelic research, psilocybin truffles, which are a type of fungi containing the psychedelic compound psilocybin, have become a popular substance for microdosing. Particularly in highly demanding work environments such as Silicon Valley. We hope you enjoy the AI-generated images of ”Silicon Valley professionals” sprinkled throughout this article.

Without further ado, here are some reasons why professionals choose to microdose psilocybin truffles:


In the high-stakes arena of the professional world, creativity and the ability to solve complex problems are key to success. But how can one consistently tap into this creative reservoir, especially under the constant pressures and demands of the workplace?

Microdosing psilocybin truffles could be an innovative solution. Many professionals who have incorporated microdosing into their routines report experiencing a heightened level of creativity, resulting in an ability to see problems from different perspectives and find unique solutions. This isn’t about hallucinatory epiphanies, but rather a subtle shift in thinking patterns that opens up a broader range of creative possibilities.


The increase in divergent thinking can lead to the generation of novel and innovative ideas, enabling professionals to stand out in their field and keep pace with an ever-changing business landscape. Clinical trials are likely to continue.


The fast-paced professional world often comes with its fair share of stressors and anxiety-inducing situations. Mental health is on the agenda for good reason. This constant stress can negatively impact one’s mood and overall mental health, thereby affecting work performance. Particularly in high-demand places like Silicon Valley.

Microdosing psilocybin truffles could serve as a potential antidote to this challenge. Silicon Valley professionals have reported a noticeable improvement in their overall mood and a significant reduction in anxiety levels when following a microdosing regimen. Despite not being an approved treatment for mental health conditions, the gentle uplift in mood can help professionals navigate their work day with more optimism and resilience.


As less anxiety means better decision-making, clearer communication, and a more enjoyable work experience. It’s a solution that could help mitigate the emotional toll of a demanding career, leading to a healthier, happier professional life.


In the world of work, focus and productivity have come to be the gold standard. However, maintaining high levels of concentration amidst distractions and long hours can be a struggle – particularly with phone and smartwatch notifications coming through by the dozen. Here’s where psychedelic compounds like microdosing psilocybin truffles may offer an unexpected advantage.


Professionals who microdose often experience increased levels of focus and productivity. Instead of the jittery rush associated with caffeine or the crash-and-burn of energy drinks, microdosing provides a smooth, sustained attention span that can lead to higher-quality work output. The ability to be fully present and immersed in the task at hand can transform the workday from a race against the clock to a productive and fulfilling experience.


In the realm of professional development, technical skills are only half the story. Emotional intelligence and the ability to connect with others are equally, if not more, important. Microdosing psilocybin truffles may help in cultivating these softer skills. Studies suggest that psilocybin can increase emotional openness and empathy, allowing for deeper connections and more effective communication.


This increased emotional acuity can lead to improved team collaboration, stronger client relationships, and a more harmonious work environment. By fostering empathy and openness, microdosing could provide the missing piece in the puzzle of professional success.


The quest for self-improvement and personal growth is a common theme among ambitious professionals. Beyond career advancement, many are looking for ways to explore their own consciousness and unlock their full potential. Microdosing psilocybin truffles offers a novel approach to this exploration. Even at sub-perceptual doses, psilocybin can stimulate introspection and self-awareness.

This process of self-discovery can lead to personal growth and self-improvement that extends beyond the confines of the workplace. It allows for a more holistic approach to professional development, integrating the personal and professional self into a unified whole.


Microdosing psilocybin truffles is a promising tool for professionals, offering potential solutions to common workplace challenges. The trend has been on the rise since 2016, and shows no sign of slowing down. As with any new practice, it’s essential to approach it responsibly and consult with a healthcare provider before beginning.

While scientific research on the long-term effects is still ongoing, the anecdotal evidence suggests that microdosing could be a game-changer for many professionals. Whether it’s to enhance creativity, improve mood, increase focus, foster empathy, or facilitate personal growth, the potential benefits of this practice are worth exploring.


However, it’s important to remember that microdosing is not a magical quick fix, but a tool to be used in conjunction with other healthy habits and practices. Optimal professional performance is multifaceted, and a holistic approach that includes a balanced diet, regular exercise, ample rest, and mindful stress management should also be part of your strategy.

Consider microdosing as another tool in your professional toolkit, and remember that success comes from the synergy of multiple factors.


Did you enjoy this article? Check out our blog page where we regularly post interesting articles related to everything surrounding Mushrooms.

The information provided by Mondo Grow Kits on this page is for general informational and educational purposes only and does not advocate the use of any illicit products, nor does it constitute providing medical advice or professional services. Always consult your doctor before making any decisions about healthcare.

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In a surprising turn in mental health research magic mushrooms, known scientifically as psilocybin mushrooms, are gaining attention for their potential antidepressant propertiesEarly studies suggest that they could offer a new approach to treating depression, possibly surpassing the effectiveness of traditional medicines while causing fewer adverse side effects.

However, despite these discoveries, it’s crucial to remember that we’re still in the preliminary stages of understanding their therapeutic potential. As we stand at the threshold of this groundbreaking research, the potential of magic mushrooms to reshape the landscape of depression treatment is exciting, yet it requires further rigorous investigation.


The utilization of psilocybin for depression treatment is garnering increasing attention, largely catalyzed by promising outcomes from preliminary clinical trials involving cancer patients. These initial results are reshaping perspectives, suggesting that these unconventional substances may harbor untapped potential in managing depressive symptoms.

In a seminal study carried out in 2016 by a collaborative team from Imperial College London and other esteemed institutions, they discovered that just one dose of psilocybin yielded enduring effects on individuals suffering from moderate to severe major depression. This revelation underscores the potential potency of psilocybin, wherein a solitary dose could have an impact extending far beyond the immediate treatment period.

However, it’s important to note a crucial flaw in the study design: it lacked a control group or a segment of participants not receiving psilocybin for comparison. Therefore, while the results are intriguing, they do not conclusively establish psilocybin’s effectiveness in treating depression. This serves as a crucial reminder of the complexities inherent in scientific research, and the caution needed before drawing definitive conclusions.

Nevertheless, there are other studies that have drawn better and more reliable conclusions than the aforementioned study carried out in 2016. The first one is a research study carried out by Stephen Ross a professor from New York University (NYU), where he looks into “rapid and sustained symptom reduction following psilocybin treatment for anxiety and depression in patients with life-threatening cancer”. From this research, Ross and his fellow researchers concluded that single moderate-dose psilocybin, combined with psychotherapy, produced rapid and enduring anti-depressant effects in patients with cancer-related psychological distress.

The second study pointing towards the benefits of psilocybin in treating depression comes from Johns Hopkins University. This study consisted of a randomized double-blind trial where they researched how psilocybin produces substantial and sustained decreases in depression and anxiety among patients with life-threatening cancer. The results harbored from this experiment seemed to be promising. Under psychologically supportive and double-blind conditions, a single psilocybin dose significantly reduced depressed mood and anxiety while enhancing life quality and mitigating death anxiety in patients diagnosed with life-threatening cancer.

Despite the promising outcomes, we currently have limited data on the use of psilocybin for depression treatment. Nonetheless, the scarcity of evidence hasn’t prevented a surge in its advocacy, with more trials emerging as the interest of the public and scientific world rises. According to, an international database housing medical research studies, there are currently 12 active investigations exploring the potential of psilocybin as a treatment for depression.


With all these trials popping up, it is clear that interest in this topic is there, but do we know what the future of psilocybin will be in the medical field? The answer is no, as that is impossible to predict. Nonetheless, it is certain that establishments such as universities and medical companies are looking at and exploring the field of psychedelics as a replacement for antidepressants and other mental health illnesses. 

One of the universities actively recruiting, and carrying out medical trials, is Imperial College London. This specific medical trial looks to compare the effects of psilocybin to the antidepressant escitalopram (Lexapro) for the treatment of severe depression. It is important to mention that using psilocybin as a medical treatment is not recommended at home as it requires proper dosage and guidance from a trained psychotherapist in order to yield the fairest and most accurate results.


As we navigate the labyrinth of depression treatment, the unexpected beacon of magic mushrooms offers a glimmer of hope. Initial research suggests an untapped potential in these unconventional agents, opening up fascinating possibilities in the treatment of depression. Even in the face of grave challenges, such as life-threatening cancer, early studies indicate that psilocybin can offer significant relief. Institutions like Imperial College London, NYU & Johns Hopkins University are pioneering this exploration, sparking what could be a significant paradigm shift in our approach to mental health.

However, as we teeter on the edge of this burgeoning field, an anecdote from the scientific community resonates – “extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence.” Early results, while compelling, need to be propped by robust, well-controlled studies. As we venture deeper into this relatively uncharted terrain, we’re reminded of the possibilities inherent in the unknown, underscoring a sense of optimism for the future of depression treatment.

The story of psilocybin echoes a timeless wisdom: nature often contains the most profound solutions.

Did you enjoy this article? Check out our blog page where we regularly post interesting articles related to everything surrounding Mushrooms.

The information provided by Mondo Grow Kits on this page is for general informational and educational purposes only and does not advocate the use of any illicit products, nor does it constitute providing medical advice or professional services. Always consult your doctor before making any decisions about healthcare.